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Transcription acts

With pleasant collaboration for the translation of Marie-Claire Nicol whom we thank

                                                                                 Les RAMEAUX d' OLIVIER
                                                                  
My ancestor Olivier Nicolle

We dedicate this history to my father Henri Nicol and
to our grandchildren Mathieu, Quentin, Anaïs, Vincent, Emilie, Marie, Laura, Gilbert and those to be born

 

We are able to trace our first Nicolle ancestors in the hamlet of Nicoliere of the town of St-Pair-sur-Mer near Granville, Department of La Manche, France to before 1600 A.D. This hamlet is bordered by a river creeping from Quairon Mil to the New Mill. Nicoliere also borders St Planchers where another long line of Nicolle are found. Among the St Planchers' Nicole is Jacques Nicole, son of Pancrace Nicole, who preceded Oliver and Joseph Nicole of St.-Pair-sur-Mer to New France in 1743. No family relation between the Nicole of St.-Pair-sur-Mer and the Nicole of St.-Planchers can be proved as the registers go only to 1650.

Our ancestors titled their landholdings using their patronyms. Thus, for Nicole, it was Nicoliere; for Gicquel, Gicquelliere; for Marechal, Marechallerie; for Morin, Moriniere; and so on. The small hamlet Le Chesnay was named by Pierre and Thomas Chesnay in 1345. Le Chesnay is located close to Bouillion Pond and to the village of Bouillion.

Nicoliere is located in the upper right corner St-Pair-sur-Mer, birthplace of our ancestors, Olivier and Joseph Nicolle who left for New France in the mid-1750's, was already an established small town at the time of the Gauls. Life is dated in this area to 200,000 B.C. It was then called Scissi. There are many theories concerning how it came to be known as St-Pair-sur-Mer. All revolve around 5 canonized persons: St. Gaud, St Paterne or Pair, St. Scubillion, St. Senier and St. Aroaste. These saints lived between 400 and 680 A.D. Some are credited also with founding the Department of Bretagne (Brittany).

 

          Mill of St Pair sur Mer renovated at present by a giver of Avranches


Personal photograph

In the register of 1667 by the recorders Larcher and Marcey of Granville for St-Pair, we find our eldest ancestor (to date), Jean Nicolle. In this notarial act dated September 10, 1667, it is a question of an agreement between the sons Jullian and Claude concerning their father's, Jean Nicolle, succession and his landholdings, La Nicolliere. The succession had been made on February 12, 1665. Jullian and Claude were not getting along in the succession. Claude had been in arrears. Claude gave his reasons and the two brothers signed an agreement on September 10, 1667 with the recorder Larcher and his assistant Marcay. Also in this act, Jullian and Claude's sister, Francoise Nicolle is named. She is the wife of Adrien Talua with whom she has a son, Jacques Talua.

Granville in 1620 Photo private collection of Jean Chuinard with the pleasant authorization of
Mad. Micheline Chuinard

Almost all the registers of the Archives of St-Lo were destroyed by the Allied bombardments in 1944. For St-Pair, all that remains are two small registers 20 cm by 15 cm (8" by 6") with some sheets inside. These registers relate to 1659 and 1667. This author could find 2 acts concerning our ancestors. It is a pity, because as they were landowners and had goods, we could have found other notarial acts, for example the marriage of Claude Nicolle and Catherine Vincent. We could have proven the bond between the Nicolle of St-Pair and the Nicolle of St-Planchers

 
Jean Nicolle, our eldest known ancestor, died about 1665 given the act of succession notarized by Larcher at St-Pair on February 12, 1665.
We do not know his wife's name, but have identified one daughter and 3 sons.
Claude  ancestor ° ca 1640 + 04.05.1704 Marriage with Catherine Vincent Children :Jullien, Jean, Françoise, Nicolasse, Renée et Jeanne
Jullian   Marriage with  ? Mauvre Child :
Elisabeth married  Adrian Larcher natural son of Elisabeth Larcher  July 31 1700
Françoise      
Jehanne      
Michelle   Marriage with Rene Salmon Child : Suzanne married Jullian Malenfant

Claude Nicole died on April 5, 1704 about 64 years old at Queron (Kairon), a section of St-Pair. He was a landowner and, according to notarial act, leased lands. He married Catherine Vincent about 1665.
Note : In 1660 the level of the alphebisation is high into Low-Normandie. Two thirds of the inhabitants can read and write
(sources : Chronicles of France 1987)
Along with his brother Jullian, Claude witnessed the sale of the lands entitled La Malenfandiere owned by Jullian Malenfant and Susanne Salmon on July 24, 1667. Susanne was the daughter of Rene Salmon and Nicolle Nicolle. We can assume Susanne was a close relative, perhaps even a cousin.

                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                         Signature of Claude Nicolle1667

Chart of Cassini, Nicolière is in the north of Mareschallerie
 
Chart representing the grounds dependent on St Pair the time of our ancestors
 


Claude Nicolle and Catherine Vincent had six children

Jullien ancestor ° ca 1667 + 25.04.1722 Marriages
1.Renée Cruchon

2.Charlotte Gardin
1. Luc
2. Marie, Marguerite, Pierre-Julien, Françoise et Julien
Jean  merchant ° ca 1669 +18.12.1729 Marriages 
1.Marie Barbe Julienne
2.Jeanne Bétille
1. Anne, Marie, Magdeleine, Magdeleine, Marie, Barbe, Jeanne,
Pierre, Barbe et Magdeleine
2.Jeanne, Barbe, Jean, Jean, Jacques
Françoise ° ca 1672 + 26.05.1722 Marriage Adrien Talua Jacques Talua
Nicolasse ° ca 1674 Marriage Ambroise Coquet Jacqueline, Jacques, Nicolasse et Gillette
Renée ° 15.04.1675    
Jeanne ° 25.07.1677 + 01.03.1724

XX Marriage with Jean Hecquard
04.10.1710 St Pair

X   MALLET Guillaume        1 fils Claude
XX Jean Hecquart est le fils de Jean et Madeleine Hirard
Marie   Marriage with Michel BEUST A son Jean BEUST
( His grandson,  Jean BEUST  came with Olivier and  Joseph and settled in Quebec He is cousin with the 3rd degree with my ancestor Olivier.)


 
        St Pair sur Mer

Our ancestor, Julien Nicolle married the St-Planchers native Renee Cruchon, daughter of Pierre Cruchon and Anne Chesnay on January 11, 1698.
They had one child.
Luc ° 10.03.1701 + 17.04.1736 Marriage with Gillette Basset the November 12, 1722 St Pair
Jullien continued to work the lands. Renee Cruchon having died certainly in 1709  the year when there was a great epidemic. (sources Michèle Godret)
Jullien remarried on July 16, 1711 to Charlotte Gardin, daughter of Jacques Jardin and Marguerite Duval. 
They had 5 children born and deceased in St Pair sur Mer :
Marie ° 19.12.1712 + 13.12.1725  
Marguerite ° 04.10.1714 + 17.10.1726  
Pierre Julien ° 09.06.1717 +  
Françoise ° 09.04.1720 + Marriage with  Anthoine Raulle 21.05.1748 St Pair
Julien 
sailor
° 09.08.1722  + Marriage with Françoise Dauphin 20.02.1748  St Pair
1 daughter :
Jeanne-Françoise
born 17.10.1749 St Pair

Luc Nicolle married Gillette Basset, daughter of Julien Basset and Judith Dufresne at St-Pair on November 12, 1722. They had 4 children. (Pere Godbout of Quebec misrepresented the parentage of a 5th child in the 1960's). Two, Olivier and Joseph, would have descendants.

Michelle ° 19 octobre 1723 et + 23.03.1727  
Joseph
(see)
° 06.01.1728 et + 02.02.1703 St Thomas de Montmagny Qc Canada Marriage with Geneviève Lefeuvre-Boulanger
the January 18 1768 St Thomas de Montmagny      
3 children and one with descent :
Geneviève, Joseph et Jean-Baptiste
Nicolas ° 03.05.1732 + 04.11.1757 St Pair  
OLIVIER ° 30.07.1735 + 26.10.1824 St Pair Marriage with Marie-Louise Brochu February 18, 1765 in St Vallier Qc Canada
10 children
Joseph was born January 6, 1728 at St-Pair and baptized on January 7, 1728 in the Queron section. His godparents were Joseph Chenay and Marguerite Chenay.

Joseph Nicolle was baptized at Notre-Dame du Petit Monastere. This church began as a simple vault which preserved the tomb of St. Martin. For a third of each year, flood waters made it impossible for the inhabitant of Kairon to journey to the surrounding communities.

In a text dated 1848 and preserved at the Archives of the Parish of St-Pair, one reads "then on a hillock atop the pond of Bouillion rises the Vault of Petit Monastere or the Church of Bouillion.

 

About 1820 the parish Notre-Dame du Petit Monastère joins together the following villages:
Kairon, Tonnerie, Chanterie, Hogue, Gicquellière, Chesny, Maréchallerie, Morinière, Lézeaux, Angomesnil, Leudries, the Valley, Peseril and Surtare.
                       Parish St Laurent of Kairon

                                       Personal photographs

It is called from now on SAINT LAURENT in the honor of one of its priests who made much for his rebuilding and his improvement

Olivier Nicolle my ancestor,
was born July 30, 1735 at
Le Chesnay, St-Pair-sur-Mer.
He was baptized there on July 31, 1735.
His godparents were Olivier Bougou and
Angelique Sarville.

Luc Nicolle, father to Olivier and Joseph,
dies April 17, 1736 in St-Pair at the age of 35.
Thus, it will be Gillette Basset, 38,
who raises the three sons alone: Joseph 8, Nicolas 4 and Olivier 8 months. Their daughter Michele died March 23, 1727 at 3-1/2.

Gillette Basset died 18 years later on January 10, 1753 at St-Pair. Joseph witnesses for his mother's death certificate. He is noted as a 25 year old sailor.

 

 

        Altar of the church of  St Laurent                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Chuch of  St Laurent sight of altar
Photograph:  Nicole de Granville                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Photograph:  Nicole de Granville 
                                                                Church of the Notre-Dame du Petit Monastère of Kairon now Saint Laurent where baptized and buried our ancestors around the church
 

The Departure
Joseph is witness to the marriage of his maternal first cousin Henry Beust to Jeanne Cotentin. Henry Beust is son of Genevieve Basset, sister to Gillette Basset.

      The port of Granville seen of St Pair  from where our ancestors left for Quebec                                                                                              Sight of Granville side of St Pair
 
Personal photographs                  
Joseph had signed a contract of employment for Gaspe almost certainly with Joseph Cadet. But for some reason or sickness Olivier takes Joseph's obligation and embarks Le Jean Alexandre bound for Gaspe on February 28, 1754. The Jean Alexandre was build in 1753 and owned by Sieur Francois Boismare. Boismare armed the vessel and gave command to Sieur Jean Coquet. In addition to Olivier Nicolle, the passengers are Nicolas Closay, Nicolas Beust, Jean Beust all of St-Pair, Michel Laisne of Biards and Nicolas Le Senechal.

We consulted the registers of ship arrivals (disarmament in naval jargon), and if Joseph had taken the Jean Alexandre to Gaspe, he would have returned. We did not find any trace of a return for Joseph.. However, we find Joseph, godfather, at the baptism of Julienne Marguerite Bourgeois on January 11, 1755 in St-Pair. Julienne is the daughter of Luc Bourgeois and Julienne Dauphin.

Joseph embarks for Gaspe in New France on March 11, 1755 aboard La Favorite. Built in 1755 at Granville, Rene Perree arms and commands the vessel. In addition to Joseph Nicolle, the passengers are (??) Flambard, Jean Daniel, Robert Niel, Julien Beaumont all of Granville, Jullien Poullain of Grand Celan, Jean Gosse of Barfleur, Nicolas Closet, Jacques Nice, Jacques Prier, Francois Bourgeois, Jacques Posne, Francois LeRoy, Guillaume Le Gros, and Julien Bestille of of St-Pair, Pierre Barre of LaRochelle, Jacques Eulin of Notre Dame de Cresnay, Jean Douche of Brass, Gabriel Hebrew of Vans, Pierre Louis of Genets and Jean-Baptist Dickens of Maupertuis. (Original research made at the naval archives at Cherbourg).


Why our ancestors left to fish cod
It is true that at the time of the mid-1700's the port of Granville, located less than 2 kilometers (about 1 mile) from St.-Pair, was very prosperous due to the trawlers and trading ships which commerce with New France and the Antilles. Granville took a very large share in cod fishing which brought back beautiful sums to boat owners, captains and crews. Cod fishing gave work and spark to the desires of adventures to all the surrounding peoples.
 

                                           Fish with Cod

 

 

                                       Preparation of cod

Preparation of cod

According to the Report on the Navigation and Trade of the Port and District
of Granville, Inspector Sicard said on December 17, 1740:

"the most considerable trade of Granville consists of cod fishing. All the ships there are used and the crews are engaged with a fifth of the profits and receive advances or pots of wine which are not deducted from them of the profits. Approximately 32 to 40 smaller ships with crews of 11 to 19 men including one or two or three ship's boys go fishing for live cod off the Great Banks of Newfoundland. Leaving from Granville, they take on salt at the Ile de Ren to salt the fish on the Bank and finishing their fishing they discharge the cod and cod oils at Le Havre, Honfleur and Dieppe and return to Granville to discharge

their ballast and some GOLDRON, BRAY(which may be some sort of fine particles) and planks on behalf of the owners and sometimes plaster moldings.
Other ships are employed to fish and dry cod in Newfoundland. These include
11 ships which have a crew of 30 to 91 men including 3 to 9 ship's boys in Labrador, with crews of 23 to 48 including 3 to 10 ship's boys off the coast of Gaspe, 6 other ships with crews of 17 to63 including 2 to 6 ship's boys at Petit Nord and from 1-12 men and 2 ship's boys engaged by month at Ile Royale.

They take their salt at St-Malo when there is not enough at Granville. The ships bound for Labrador carry in addition to their salt, launch boats to fish from as there are no inhabitants on the coast. Those bound for Gaspe where some inhabitants are established carry foodstuffs.

Those bound for Petit Nord (the northeastern coast of Newfoundland) carry
like those bound for Labrador, launching boats and those bound for Ile Royale carry salts along with foodstuffs, utensils and other goods which are sold in barter for oil and cod.

The largest of these ships and even those having canons discharge their salt
cod and oil, a portion at Marseilles, Genes and the ports of Italy. The keep two-thirds of their crews or the ship which is necessary to defend themselves against the Saltins (Moorish pirates) returning the surplus by ordinary ships, those used in undertows, and they make with their freight for the ports of LeHavre, Dunkerque, St-Malo, La Rochelle and Nantes and come discharge at Granville. Others come in the sides of the capes at Bilboa, Bordeaux, La Rochelle, Nantes, St-Malo and Granville.

It come in truth from Newfoundland to Granville,8 to 10 ships of which 2 are loaded with fresh cod and the others with salted cod. In addition to the
advances of the commission paid to the crew under the name of wine pot, they are due salaries from the unloading, profits from the sale of fish, and if the ship has freight to unload, it is the same to the crews of the profits of freight


                                                                            The Crossing
   


Nicolas, brother to Olivier and Joseph, was a navigator, that is to say a cod fisherman. He witnessed the marriage of his cousin Gaud Beust, son of Gilles Beust and Genevieve Basset (sister to Gillette Basset) to Marie-Anne Jacqueline Hecquard on February 19 1757 at St-Pair. Olivier and Joseph were in Quebec, probably at Chateau-Richer. They will depart Chateau-Richer in the spring for Mont Louis to fish cod.

Note again, the Archives of St-Lo were bombed by the Allies in 1944. We no longer have legal records relating to St-Pair and Granville for the 1700's. We are thus unable to trace the succession of the children of Luc Nicolle and Gillette Basset and also the contracts of service signed by Joseph and Olivier Nicolle with Sieur Cadet. Because Joseph Cadet signed the contracts before the notaries in Granville, while Michel Mahiet made them sign in New France.

Cadet and Mahiet were associated between 1758 and march 9, 1758. If we promote the subject of contracts with Cadet, is is because we have strong presumptions that Olivier and Joseph were under contracts with Joseph Cadet beginning in 1754 and 1755 in Gaspe. Joseph Cadet was from Granville just like Michel Mahiet. It is certain Cadet and Mahiet recruited their fellow citizens of Granville and the surrounding communities including St-Pair.

April 27, 1758 at Chateau-Richer near Quebec City in the notarial records of Fr. Antoine Crespin, we find a receipt which proves that Olivier Nicole and Jacques Benoit, cod fishermen living at Chateau-Richer, to whom Michel Mahiet pays for 'Last autumn's fishing." Olivier receives 257 pounds 17 sols for balance of all accounts. Jacques Benoit receives 248 pounds for balance of account for the fishing season of the previous year, 1757. Aubin Tixier and Francois Poulin witness this act.

We find the 2 brothers, Olivier and Joseph Nicolle, signing before the notary Fr. Antoine Crespin (1750-1782) a contract with Michel Mahiet on April 12, 1758 at Chateau-Richer whereby
"the sieurs Joseph and Olivier Nicolle, cod fisherman brothers...recognized and confess to being engaged and engaged by these present for the period of this year.. to Sieur Michel Mahiet, cod fisherman and proprietor of the fiefdom and seigneurie vulgarly called Mont Louis... to fish for this present year until next August 25th with the load of the said Nicole to furnish their launch named La Marianne. In return for the price and the sum of 830 pounds which said Sieur Mahiet obliges to pay them as guarantee for renting their launch and for their nourishment during said fishing season...said Sieur Mahiet engages to furnish at his expenses, a man to fish with the said Nicole and to furnish them..all the necessary tackles...signed in the office of the notary before noon, April 12, 1758 in the presence of Sieurs Louis Nadeau and Marc Perron..."

Signatures of Olivier and Joseph Nicole and Louis Nadeau and the notary Crespin.

At the end of the fishing season Michel Mahiet brought his crew to Chateau-Richer and Quebec on August 25th.

Therefore, Olivier and Joseph Nicolle could not be in Mont Louis at the time of the English attack under major Dalling on September 19, 1758. For it is not until the return from Quebec and Chateau-Richer, after having released his employees and filled his hull with foodstuffs to pass the winter with his family at Mont Louis, that Michel Mahiet arrives aboard his schooner Le Vigilant to be taken himself, his crew, his wife, his children and those people still at Mont Louis by the English.

Thus knowing Michel Mahiet paid the balance of their wages the spring following the fishing season, we are certain that Olivier and Joseph were not paid for their fishing season 1758 apart from the down payments.

What became of Olivier and Joseph during the years 1758 through 1762


Establishment of fishing to dried cod in XVIIIè century, like our ancestor Olivier Nicolle and his brother knew with the Mont Louis. According to the Treaty of the pesches by Duhamel
of Monceau in Encyclopaedia, boards of fishings
(Paris Editions Panckoucke 1793

 

 

      

Dried cod also called cod punt cod from the general Treaty of the pesches by
Duhamel of Monceau 1772 (Dictionary national of Canada)

 

 

 

 

         
If this photograph belongs to you please to contact me jocelynenicol@yahoo.fr

 
It is certain that Joseph was in Quebec on January 15, 1762 when he signed an act of testimony of freedom to marry for Alexis Fauchon, native of Biards near St-Pair, certainly a companion. Rene Pelchat of Biards, Normandie and Regauville also witnessed. Joseph and Olivier are present in St-Valier for the marriage of Alexis Fauchon and Marie Dodier on February 8, 1762. Olivier Nicolle is in St-Vallier as godfather to Jean-Olivier Roy along with the child's godmother Francoise Brochu on December 5, 1763. The child is the son of Jacques Roy and Marie Marguerite Brochu. Francoise and Marguerite are sisters to Marie-Louise Brochu.

Olivier Nicolle and Marie-Louise Brochu appear before the notary Joseph Fortier on February 9 1765 at St-Michel de Bellechasse for their marriage contract. The engaged couple put everything in common. Olivier brings 300 pounds to the union and Marie-Louise, 200 pounds. In the presence of his brother, Joseph Nicolle, his cousin Jean Beust (written Lebeuf), her father Jean Brochu, her brother Pierre Brochu and Michel Goreut. Their marriage takes place at St-Vallier the following day, February 10, 1765. The witnesses are his brother Joseph Nicolle, Jean Beust, Charles Betille of St-Pair and André Tanquay. (Note: Marie-Louise's aunt is married into the Tanguay family).
 

NICOLE Marie-Louise ° 17.12.1765 St Vallier Qc +  14.10.1814 St Michel cty of Bellechasse Qc
  Marriage  06.11.1809 St Vallier Qc MONTMINY Jean-Baptiste
NICOLE Marie Geneviève ° 12.10.1767 St Vallier Qc + 25.12.1819 Montmagny Qc
  Marriage  09.10.1787  St François de la Rivière  Sud LOUINEAU-Deneault  Louis
NICOLE Clément-Olivier ° 12.09.1769 St Vallier Qc + 25.12.1819 Montmagny Qc
  Marriage  24.07.1797 St Vallier Qc FLEURY Françoise
NICOLE Joseph François ° 08.01.1772 St Michel de la Durantaye Qc + 02.12.1853 St Michel cté de Bellechasse Qc
  Marriage  12.11.1804 St Vallier Qc VALLEE Marie-Reine
NICOLE Angélique ° 06.08.1773 St Michel cty of Bellechasse + 19.10.1773 St Michel cty of Bellechasse Qc
NICOLE Joseph Armand (Clément) ° 02.07.1774 St Michel of Bellechasse +  26.07.1774 St Michel of Bellechasse
NICOLE Marie-Rose (Rosalie) ° 06.07.1776 St Michel de la Durantaye + 16.06.1820 St Thomas of Montmagny Qc
  Marriage  15.01.1793 St Thomas of Montmagny LANGLOIS Jean-Chrysostome
NICOLE Jean-Baptiste ° 17.06.1780 St Michel of Bellechasse + 02.08.1780 St Michel of Bellechasse
NICOLE Laurent ° 23.08.1781 St Michel de la Durantaye +  12.04.1781 St Michel cty of Bellechasse 

Olivier Nicole is present at St-Vallier on April 21, 1765 for the baptism of his godchild, Jean Blanchard, son of Francois Blanchard and Marie-Josephte

Their eldest daughter Marie Louise Nicole was born and is baptized the 17 /12/1765 in St Vallier. Its godfather is Joseph Nicole paternal uncle and its godmother Francoise Brochu her aunt maternal
On October 12, 1767 in St Vallier, born Marie Genevieve Nicole their second daughter. Godfather and godmother are Jean Beust of 
St Pair and Genevieve Roy.

The church of St Thomas de Montmagny located at the Pointe à la Caille 

The church of St Thomas of Montmagny located at the Pointe à la Caille at the time of our ancestors Olivier and Joseph where Joseph married Geneviève Lefeuvre.

Photograph drawn from "Montmagny: On the trace of our ancestors
"Publications Saint-Laurent, St Jean Port-Joli 2000 24p

On January 17, 2768 Joseph signs his marriage contract with Genevieve Lefeuvre (dit Boulanger) at St-Thomas' Pointe a la Caille, so called because of the abundance of quails. Witnesses to the contract are his brother Olivie Nicole, her mother Genevieve Lorendeau, her brothers Augustin and Joseph Lefeuvre, the notary Levesque, Sieur Charles Simoneau, Louis Thibault, Charles Norais, Jean Beust, Jean-Baptist Le Cornet, Francois Oh, Charles Langlois. Olivier does not sign the wedding certificate for Joseph on January 18, 1768 in Montmagny.

Joseph was a farmer and a cod fisherman because several notarial acts note him as such. He probably made fishing seasons during several years after his marriage. He was respected and esteemed for he is called Sieur Nicolle in several acts. All these acts were made before Nicolas Charles Louis Levesque, native of Bouillion, St-Pair and who also lived at St-Thomas' Pointe a la Caille. After the inventory and estate sale following Genevieve's death, it was the notary Levesque who bought the bed and bedlinens belonging to Joseph and Genevieve.

 

                                                                                   The Life of Olivier and his brother Joseph Nicolle through civil and religious and other notarial acts.

With a Big Thank You, we recognize our friend Charles Campeau who researched a lot for us both at Montreal and at the ANQ de Quebec. Without him, our history would not be as encompassing.

At last, a first son for Olivier! Clement Olivier Nicole arrives in the world September 12, 1769 at St-Vallier. Godparents are Jeanne Brochu and ? Clement.
We find Olivier Nicolle as witness to the marriage of his godson Clement Patry, son of Clement Patry and Marie-Dorothee Brochu to Therese Latulippe, daughter of Joseph Queret dit Latulippe and Marguerite Bissonnette at LaDurantaye on January 15, 1770. Even though the wedding register records Olivier Nicolle as godfather, it is really Pierre Patry according to PRDH (the University of Montreal's database). (Note: LaDurantaye was the seigneurie of Charles-Francois Tauriau and comprised the villages of St-Michel, St-Vallier and Berthier-sur-Mer and a 4th sector).

Olivier is again at St-Vallier to witness the marriage of his sister-in-law Marie Susanne Brochu to Jacques Roy on April 8, 1771.

As for Joseph, we find him at Montmagny for the baptism of his daughter, Marie-Genevieve Nicol on September 23, 1771.

Olivier is listed on the baptismal certificate for his son Joseph Francois Nicol at St-Michel on January 6, 1772. The child's godparents are Jean-Baptiste Paquette and Marie-Josephe Therrien.

Joseph is at St-Pierre-de-la-Riviere-du-Sud, which will become part of Montmagny, for the birth of his first son Joseph Nicol on May 6, 1773.

Olivier is listed on the baptismal certificate for his daughter Marie Angelique Nicole at LaDurantaye on August 1, 1773. Her godparents are Joseph Bibeau and Josephe Couture. Angelique dies at 2-1/2 months on October 19, 1773.

Olivier Nicol witnesses the marriage of Jacques Patry, another son of Clement Patry and Marie-Dorothee Brochu to Marie Francoise Furois, daughter
 of Jacques Furois and Madeleine Plante. Marie-Dorothee Brochu, again, is half-sister to Marie-Louise Brochu.

 

Notarial Act: St-Michel (in the locality of La Riviere Boye)
On July 17, 1774 in the absence of Olivie Nicole

Purchase of lands to his profit: July 17, 1774 in the absence of Olivier Nicole, Michel LaCroix sells lands of 20 arpents (approximately 20 acres) to Olivier, part of a parcel of 60 belonging to Lacroix and his 2 sisters. This land is in prolongation to the northeast of lands already belonging to Olivie Nicole. Witnessed by Sieur Michel Gotron and Robert Leonard Roufflet and the notary Jacques Fortier.

By an additional clause dated October 30, 1774 in the presence of Olivier Nicolle: The seller Michel LaCroix recognizes a debt of 212 pounds against the buyer Olivier Nicol and that this sum covers the first date of payment for this purchase; the balance will be paid at St-Michel (September 29) of the following year.


Photograph: Seen Boyer River
If this photograph belongs to you to contact me jocelynenicol@yahoo.fr

La Rivière Boyer
photos of  Marie-Claire Nicol Ma USA

Joseph Nicole is at Montmagny on January 19, 1775 for the baptism of Jean-Baptiste Nicol, his only son and child to survive.  Jean-Baptiste Lefeuvre and Ursule Fournier are godparents.
Olivier is listed on the baptismal certificate of his son Joseph Armand (Clement) Nicole at La Durantaye on July 3, 1775.  His godparents are Joseph Michaud and Susanne Couture.  Joseph Clement (Armand) will die on July 26, 1775 - 3 weeks later.

Olivier is at La Durantaye on May 8, 1776 as godfather to Olivier Nicol Betille son of Charles Betille and Angelique Greffard . Charles Bestille (aka Betille, aka Beti) We will see later how Charles Betille and Olivier Nicole were connected.

Two months later, the 2 families are united again in La Durantaye for the baptism of Marie Rosalie Nicole.  Angelique Greffard, wife of Charles Betille
is godmother.
Thanks to their marriage, Olivier and Charles became cousins. Marie-Louise Brochu marries of Olivier and Angélique Greffard marries
of Charles Bétille were German cousins. They had the same paternal grandmother, Marie-Francoise DELAUNAY.


Olivier is listed on
the baptismal certificate of his son Charles Nicole at St Michel La Durantaye on July 20, 1778 born July 19, 1778  The child's godparents are Charles Bestille (Beti) and Francoise Beaudoin. 
Charles will die July 25, 1782 burial July 26, 1782 St Michel de La Durantaye at 4 years.
Olivier is listed on the baptismal certificate of his son Jean-Baptiste Nicol at LaDurantaye on June 17, 1780.  The godfather is Joseph Paquet and the godmother's name is illegible.  Jean-Baptiste will die August 2, 1780 at 2-1/2 months.

Olivier is witness to the marriage of his wife's nephew André Brochu, son of Pierre-Philippe Brochu and Marie-Genevieve Roy to Marie Genevieve Roy, daughter of Etienne-Noel Roy and Marie-Reine Fradet at St-Vallier on February 5, 1781.

Olivier is listed on the baptismal certificate of his last son and child Laurent Nicole at LaDurantaye on July 23, 1781.  Godparents are Francoise
Gagnon and Laurent Couture.  Laurent will die August 12, 1781, 3 weeks old.

March 25, 1782 Land sale from Olivier Nicole to Joseph Guilmet
Olivier Nicole signs a bill of sale for the lands located at the 3rd concession of La Durantaye and the parish of St-Michel to sieur Joseph Guilmet of St-Michel parish.  A land which Olivier bought on July 17, 1774 form Michel Lacroix located at the Riviere Boyer in the presence of Pierre Chicou and Germaine Blondeau. (see acts)

Death
Genevieve Lefeuvre dit Boulanger,
wife of Joseph Nicolle, brother of Olivier, dies on July 6, 1783 at St-Thomas, Montmagny County.  Joseph was certainly insane with grief over the loss of his wife because he makes a legacy of his possessions to Jacques Gomont, 21 years, before the notary Levesque on August 5, 1783.  As he feels his age advances, he makes the legacy of his possessions in exchange, and with the clause he remains manager, for food for himself and for his 8 year old son Jean-Baptiste until the son is 16 years.

On August 9, 1783, an inventory of the communal possessions of Joseph Nicolle and the late Genevieve Lefeuvre dit Boulanger is made.  Augustin Lefeuvre, Genevieve's brother is guardian of Jean-Baptiste Nicolle, his nephew.  On August 12 there is a division of lands between Jacques Gomont representing Joseph Nicolle and Augustin Lefeuvre representing Joseph's son, Jean-Baptiste Nicolle.

Also on August 12 and 13, there is a sale of the communal goods of Joseph and his late wife Genevieve.  Olivier bought at this sale:  3 shirts for 10 francs, a short garbadine coat and a cotton coat for 8 pounds 19 sols, 6 fancy hats for 40 pounds, 5 minots of wheat flour for 25 pounds and 1-1/2 minots of oat flour for 25 pounds.

Jacques Gomont marries Therese Gaudreau on November 11 , 1783.  She cares for Jean-Baptiste over the next 2 years. 
She dies on November 11, 1785 and a few days later Jacques Gomont gives up his legacy from Joseph Nicolle.  Jacques will remarry to Marguerite Morin in January 1787.  Thus, on November 1785 before the notary Levesque, Jacques Gomont renounces Joseph Nicolle's legacy.  There he says, that said Sieur Joseph Nicolle is restored and certified with and is similar to what was before known as the said inheritance in all buildings. (see data-base
for Jacques Gomont genealogy

Now to better understand the continuation of Olivier Nicolle's life we must turn to the great History of Quebec and the events which occurred there.  What happened?

 In the year 1759 New France falls... It cost our ancestors greatly to be under the yoke of the English.  One sees in a number of parishes (villages) the populace rising up, in particular, St-Michel.  The reactionary movement by the Canadians displeases General Murray who launches an attack.  The Church is hit with cannonballs, many homes are set afire and the populace flees the fiefdom, some dying. Once the capitulation of Montreal was signed , there was no more doubt.  We were subjects of His Majesty the king of England.

 The clergy was accused of collaboration with the enemy.  The sharpest resistance was at St-Michel.  On October 1, 1775, while in the sermon of the Mass, the Jesuit Lefrance tried to raise spirits, one voice rises, "That's long enough to preach for the English."  That caused a stir in Monseigneur
Briand, Bishop of Quebec.  He wrote a long letter of reprobation.  He even wrote "One can say that the conservation of the colony to the King of England is the fruit of the clergy's firmness and fidelity."  The culprits of the insurrection withdrew to the 4th concession of the seigneurie La Durantaye and swore never to accept the new regime and to remain French to the end even if France appeared to have disavowed them.  Didn't one have all his goods destroyed by the enemy?  And didn't another see with his own eyes one of his own family killed by an Englishman on the Boyer River Bridge? 
They were killed and buried in the 4th concession of LaDurantaye.  Some were excommunicated. 
But deep in their hearts, they continue to fight to remain French.
"In 1783, England was obliged to recognize the independence of the United States officially.  The following year, a letter circulates in Montreal and the surrounding areas signed by Count d'Estaing "in the name of the King (of France) to all the former French of northern America." 

It read "You were born French, you could never cease to be French.  I will not contend with the sentiment of the whole people , for the whole people, when they acquire the right to think and act, know their own interest. That to join with the United States, that assures its happiness;  but will declare as I declare it solemnly in the name of His Majesty who authorizes me and who orders me, that all the former subjects of northern America who do not recognize the supremacy of England can count on His protection and His support."
sources: Mario Mimeault "Around the Conquest 1745-1775
and at Cousture http://republiquelibre.org/cousture/1775.HTM and Jocelyne Nicol et Bernard Quillivic


                                                                                      Death of Marie-Louise Brochu

1)Marie-Louise Brochu, Olivier Nicolle's wife, dies at St Michel de la Durantaye on January18, 1783 at the age of 41.
What is very astonishing is that on the death certificate there is no mention she is the wife of Olivier Nicolle.  There is no signature by Olivier Nicolle.  She leaves orphaned Marie-Louise 17, Marie-Genevieve 15, Clement Olivier 13, Joseph Francois 11 and the youngest, Marie-Rosalie 6-1/2.

2)Inventory of communal goods of Olivier Nicolle and the late Marie-Louise Brochu, October 19, 1784
At 9 in the morning, the notary Riverin proceeded to the inventory in the presence of Sieur Jean Brochu, guardian of the children of Olivier Nicolle and the late Marie-Louise Brochu, as well as Charles Betille curator representing the absent Olivier Nicolle, as well as Sieur Simon Bricault for ad litum for said children, Jean-Baptiste Fortier guard of said pieces of furniture and buildings which were appraised by Nicolas Mercier.

The inventory includes kitchen utensils, farm tools, a gun, animals, wheels, a weaving loom, and so on.  In addition, land situated in the 3rd concession of LaDurantaye in St-Michel, bounded northeast by Jean-Baptiste Gourgeon and southeast by Michel Tanguay (recall Marie-Louise's aunt is married into this Tanguay family) as well as a wooden board house together with a barn and a cattle drinking shed which remains in the hands of the children's guardian.
The act notes that Olivier Nicolle and Marie-Louise Brochu had married under communal goods in their prefixed dowries of 300 pounds against 200 pounds.  That act was made before notary Fortier, February 9, 1765

3)October 19, 1784 The Verbal Proceedings of the Sale following the inventory of goods of Olivier Nicolle and Marie-Louise Brochu.
At 11 in the morning, present are Jean Brochu guardian of the minor children of Olivier Nicolle and Marie-Louise Brochu, Olivier Nicole absent, in
the presence of Sieur Simon Bricault ad litum of said children and of Sieur Charles Betille curator representing Olivier Nicolle.  The sale of the inventory of goods proceeds for the sum of 286 pounds.  Considering the marriage contract, this sum is divided 153 and 123 pounds.  Witnessed by Pierre Chicou and Germain Blondeau.
October 29, 1785, the son of Joseph Nicolle, the then 10-year-old Jean-Baptiste inherits form his first cousin Marie-Josephe Lefeuvre.  Joseph Nicolle then resells this land said date to Ignace Belanger, son of Ignace who lives at St-Roch parish in the seigneurie of Sieur Ducharnay.

4)On the sale contract of the communal goods of Marie-Louise Brochu and Olivier Nicolle of October 19, 1784, there is a note dated December 12,
1785
saying
"Charles Betille was the curator of Olivier Nicolle here present and that Charles Betille gave him 200 pounds 20 sols of the sale of goods.  That Olivier Nicolle freely discharges Charles Betille of his honor as curator for him.  Signatures of Olivier Nicolle and mayor Riverin.  (This represents a profit of better than 46 pounds against Olivier's 153 pound valuation).

                                                                                  What becomes of Olivier Nicolle?

 This is the last time we see Olivier Nicolle's signature in Quebec on either civil acts or notarial acts.  When does Olivier leave for France?

It will be the last time that we see in Quebec the signature of Olivier Nicole as much on acts of civil statue that on notarial acts. When does Olivier leave for France? Certainly after April 6, 1786. We find a " ticket under signature privé" made in the notary NR. Boissault where he is written this:

 " Me, Olivier Nicole I passed to the present (ticket) to Jean Brochu my brother-in-law, as I allow him in the capacity as tutor for my children that so where necessary, it is in a position to take on my share of  money for their support with the result that I give you this present (ticket) to be useful and be worth that reason St Michel on April 6, 1786

 Why does he leave Quebec?
We believe that he wanted to remain French. 

Why does it leave? We believe there wanted to remain French following the very agitated period which  passed to St Michel in these years. His wife having died, it wanted certainly to leave to live in Old France in Chenay to which there had remained attached. Why his children did not leave with him? The disorders started in France, right before the French Revolution. There are many questions which will remain unanswered. But we note by this ticket found by our cousin Lucien Brochu, allow us to check that the relationship with the BROCHU was excellent, considering confidence Olivier brings to his brother-in-law Jean Brochu.

 It is that the priest does not record on Marie-Louise Brochu's death record her being Olivier Nicolle's wife.

On October 9 1787 at St-Francois-du-Sud, Marie-Genevieve Nicole, daughter of Olivier Nicole and the late Marie-Louise Brochu weds Louis Denaux-Luneau-Louineau.  Or is it Louineau-Denaux?  It is written on the record Denaux-Luneau.  Neither Olivier nor Joseph witness the ceremony.  We are close to 5 years since the death of Marie-Louise Brochu.

Olivier Nicolle is back in France at the moment of the French Revolution.  Did he always have lands at St-Pair?  Did he buy lands at Le Chesnay, his native neighborhood, since he lived there until his death?  We often find him with the family of Charles Nicolle his 3rd cousin.  At the time of the French Revolution, the Saint-Pairais (inhabitants of St-Pair) asked the assembly of February 25 17789 to present their complaints.  Perhaps Olivier was there.  According to Michel Coulombier in his book La terre, le ciel, la mer, they said

"that the clergy and the nobility have the greatest part of the goods of the Kingdom but do not pay, together, half the taxes that the 3rd state (the common people) pays...a great number of exemptions and privileges cause the misfortunes of the 3rd state and makes the perception of taxes difficult.  That inhabitants are unable to live there without taking on the hard and ungrateful trade of navigation.  As soon as a boy reaches 12 years, he takes to the seas often to perish."  In 1789, the population of St-Pair is estimated at 1425 inhabitants.

We find Olivier Nicolle in France at St-Pair as godfather to Olive Roze Nicolle born and baptized on August 31, 1789.  Her godmother is her sister Julienne Nicolle.  Her parents are Charles Nicolle and Louise Marie Bourgeois.  Olive Rose is the older twin to her brother Jacques Nicolle.  His godparents are Charles Grimaux and Jeanne Bry.

Charles Nicolle is the son of Jacques Nicolle and Louise Roy who married at St-Planchers on June 16, 1744.
Jacques Nicolle is the son of Jean Nicolle and Jeanne Bestille who married at St-Pair on May 13, 1721.
Jean Nicolle is the son of Claude Nicolle, our direct ancestor.

ClaudeðJeanðJacquesðCharles
ClaudeðJullienðLucðOlivier
Thus Olivier and Charles are 3rd cousins.
 

                                              Saint Pair sight of the Windmill 19th century                                                            Saint Pair sight of the Windmill in  june 2006
photo personnal collection

In Quebec, Marie-Rosalie Nicole, Olivier's daughter, marries on January 15, 1793 at St-Thomas' Pointe a la Caille to Jean-Chrysostome Langlois son of Jean-Chrysostome Langlois and Marie-Clothilde Couture.  The marriage certificate lists Joseph Nicol as her paternal uncle and guardian.   Her maternal uncles, Pierre and André Brochu are also witnesses.

Divers facts
We find Olivier with his 3rd cousin Charles Nicolle for this curious fact.
In the town registers of ST-Pair dated October 21, 1793, it is recorded that Olivier Nicolle, ploughman 55 years with Charles Nicolle, sailor 44 years found a drowned person in the Marechalerie neighborhood of St-Pair.  This person was Marie Poinel 32 years of St-Pierre-de-Corey?  Who was the maidservant at Franchise Bourgeois, widow of Jacques dauphin at St.-Pair.  Present are the Justice of Peace, the police officer of Granville and Mayor, Henry Beust.  Signed Olivier Nicolle, Charles Nicolle and the Mayor Henry Beust.  (Note: Henry Beust is first cousin to Olivier Nicolle).

     
           The Siege of Granville by the Vendean and the Burning of the Jewish Neighborhoods on November 14, 1793
Photo private collection Jean Chuinard with the pleasant authorization of Mrs Micheline Chuinard

Our ancestor certainly lived the Seige of Granville by the Vendean.  St-Pair is hardly a mile from Granville.  Here is a brief summary of this French Revolutionary history:

Note :The Vendeans:  A counter-revolutionary insurrection which disrupted the French Departments (i.e. states, provinces) of Vendee, Maine and Loire including the interior portions of Loire.  The insurrection began as a public opposition to the conscription of 300,000 men decreed by the Convention of February 23, 1793.  The majority of the insurgents were peasants lead by Cathelineau, Charrette, Stofflet, Lescure, Bonchamps and La Rochejaquelin.  They formed the Royal Catholic army.
At first, the Vendeans had success at Chlet in March 1793, Fontenay in May and at Saumur in June.  They crossed over the Loire river and attacked Granville where they hoped to receive help from the English.  This help never came.On their return journey, the Vendeans suffered disasters at Le Mans and Savenay in December.
Cruelties and massacre on both sides made this an unmerciful war.  The Vendeans gained upperhand with the English debarkment of Quiberon.  But in 1796, General Hoche pacified the country.

"After having occupied Avranches and Pontorson (November 10), Rochejaquelein attacks Granville in vain with 30,000 discouraged men.  He summons Granville to surrender in the name of humanity and religion.  The commoner LeCarpentier and Generals Peyre and Vachot, surrounded by the country's forces answer the call with gunfire.  They know that the Vendean, always unhappy in their seats, do not even have the scale to mount an attack and that the English will send neither fleet nor artillery.  The Vendean return the strike;  they climb the rock by inserting their bayonets there.

With fires engulfing Granville, the Vendean see 3 stages of forts and guns which will strike them down.  The defenders of Granville become citizens again and fight the fires with the same courage as the attack.  After the last battle, on the sea's edge were 200 corpses face down, stripped of weapons and clothing.  The Vendean lost approximately 2,000 men. ( Launay according to an eyewitness).
Sources :
Pitre-Chevalier et Darmaing, p. 253.

A few years later at St-Vallier, Quebec, Olivier's first son Clement-Olivier Nicole, who we call Olivier II, marries Francoise Fleury, daughter of
Francois Fleury and Marie-Francoise Dubeau.  His uncles, Joseph Nicole and Pierre Brochu are witnesses.

On February 2, 1803 at St-Thomas, Montmagny, Joseph Nicole, Olivier's brother, dies in his adopted country near his son, Jean-Baptiste.  He will be buried at St-Thomas on February 3 1803 in the presence of his son, Jean-Baptiste, Alexis Boutat, Joseph Deneau as well as family and many friends.  His brother, Olivier, with whom he lived this beautiful and difficult adventure is not there....

Then n November 12, 1804, it will be the turn of Joseph Francois Nicole, son of Olivier Nicole and the late Marie-Louise Brochu to marry Marie-Reine Vallee, daughter of Francois Vale and Marie Lefebvre dit Boulanger.  His brother, Olivier II will witness like his uncle Pierre Brochu.

Olivier Nicolle attends as primary witness to the marriage of Louise Nicolle, 24, and Charles Chenay, 20, on April 4, 1809 at St-Pair. 
Here is a part of the copy of the marriage certificate:

Charles Chenay, 20 years, born at St-Pair on November 11, 1784, ploughman, son of the late Jacques Olivier Chenay and the late Marie Olive Le Roy; Louise Nicolle, 24 years, born at St-Pair on April 4, 1809  daughter of the late Charles Nicolle, sailor, deceased on September 19, 1808 at the Bristol hospital, England (his death is inscribed on the registers of Boulogne-sur-Mer) and Louise Bourgeois, ploughman (as written on the act)
Witnesses are Olivier Nicolle, 74 former sailor of St-Pair, 4th cousin paternal to the wife, Francois Dauphin, 30 maternal cousin of the wife, Charles Langevin, 55 former Customs employee, Alexis Marie Lefeuvre, 22 carpenter at St-Pair.

Two months later on June 8, 1809 at St-Pair, Julienne Nicolle, 34, daughter of the late Charles Nicolle and Louise Marie Bourgeois marries Louis-Jean Aubert, 31, born at St-Pair on August 30, 1777, son of Julien Aubert, former sailor and Marie Colas.
The witnesses are Olivier Nicolle, 74, former sailor of St-Pair, 4th cousin paternal to the wife, Charles Chenay, 24, ploughman at St-Pair and brother-in-law to the wife and Alexis Marie Lefeuvre, 22, carpenter at St-Pair.

The same year 1809, Marie-Louise Nicole, eldest daughter of Olivier Nicolle and the late Marie-Louise Brochu prepares for her marriage at 45 years.  What kind of life did she have?  She found herself at 17 orphaned and (perhaps) abandoned by her father with her 4 siblings: Genevieve 15, Olivier II 13, Joseph Francois 11, and Marie-Rosalie 6-1/2.  It is she who was devoted to raise them with assistance without any doubt of Joseph, Olivier's brother, as well as her maternal uncles, Jean-Baptiste and Pierre Brochu, half-brothers of Marie-Louise Brochu. 

This same year, her father Olivier attends and is witness to the marriage of his niece to the 4th degree...who is also called Louise Nicolle.  A strange destiny for Marie-Louise Nicole.  Thus she marries on November 6, 1809 at St-Vallier Jean-Baptiste Montmigny, the 61-year-old widower of Marie-Magdeleine Rousseau and father of a son, also Jean-Baptiste.

                                                                                        Death of Olivier Nicolle
On October 26 of the year 1824 at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, Olivier Nicolle aged 89 years, born in this community July 30 1735, son of the late Luc Nicolle and the late Gillette Basset is deceased in his home in the Chesnay neighborhood.  Witnessed Ferreol Foulon, 45 and Rene Beaumont, 47, both farmers and neighbors to the deceased


Death certificate on two page of
Olivier Nicolle deceased to St Pair-sur-Mer 50 on October 26, 1824

         

Olivier Nicolle's Death Certificate
The year 1824, the 26th of October, at nine o'clock in the evening, before us, Alexis Lefevre Chanterie, Assistant to the absent Mayor, registrar for the community of St-Pair, Canton of Granville, District of Avranches, Department of La Manche, appears Ferreol Foulon, 45 and René Beaumont, 42, farmers, living in this community and closed to the deceased named hereafter, who declare to us that today, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, Olivier Nicolle, 89, born in this community on July 30,1735, former sailor, son of the late Luc Nicolle and the Late Gillette Basset is deceased in his home in the hamlet of Chesnay, in this said community, and the informants sign with us this death certificate after it was read to them. 
Signatures R Fuller, R Beaumont and A Lefevre

Acte d'inhumation d'Olivier Nicole
Olivier Nicole agé de quatre vingt neuf ans, décédé d'hier a été inhumé dans le cimetière de Queron ce trente octobre mil huit cents vingt-quatre, par nous curé, en présence des soussignés.
C. Grimaux (Charles)  et Pignon

Our Sources  : Archives diocésaines de Coutance

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